Harbor Seal - Blank Park Zoo

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Scientific Name: Seal Bigger
Phoca vitulina
Class:
Mammalia
Order:
Pinnipedia
Family:
Phocidae
Feeding Type:
Carnivorous
Range:
Northern hemisphere, southward to France and Spain, Baja California and Japan
Habitat:
Shallow water and sandy beaches. Inhabit parts of Arctic that are free from ice
Diet in the Wild:
Fish     
Diet at the Zoo:
Fish
Longevity:
Between 25 and 30 years. Males tend to have shorter lifespan, possibly from the stress of fighting during breeding season.
Description:
At a glance, harbor seals may look like sea lions but they differ in numerous ways. They have no external earflaps and are usually white-gray to grayish brown in color with spots. Their front limbs are small and hence unable to support their heavy body. They are also relatively smaller and weigh about 300 pounds. They swim with both their front and back flippers.
Adaptation/Behavior:
Seals are shy and spend time alone or in small groups. They have a keen sense of smell and front facing eyes for excellent binocular vision, helpful for chasing fish in the water. They keep their body in a “torpedo” shape when cutting through water, and this streamlined style makes it an efficient, fast, and skilled swimmer, able to make tight and sudden turns. They are more comfortable in the water, and tend to wobble on their bellies while on land.
Courtship/Breeding:
Young are born in May and June with white to yellowish woolly coats. Twin births are frequent and they suckle. Birth sites often include reefs and rocks on islands far from the coast. Gestation period is 1 year.
Conservation
:    
Harbor Seals are at a lower risk. They are protected by the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) of 1972.

Interesting Facts

Our Animals

  • Thick layer of blubber for insulation
  • Food and energy source for Eskimos
  • Capable of delayed implantation
  • Capable of swimming up to  12 mph and diving to 295 ft.
  • Capable of staying submerged for up to 28 minutes, but dives usually last between 3 and 10 minutes.
  • We have 1 male Harbor Seal.
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