Marine Toad - Blank Park Zoo

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Scientific Name:
Bufo marinus
Class:
Amphibia
Order:
Salientia
Family:
Bufonidae
Feeding Type:
Carnivorous
Range:
Central and South America
Habitat:
Tropical environment, amongst weeds
Diet in the Wild:
Insects, small amphibians, reptiles
Diet at the Zoo:
Crickets
Longevity:
Between 20 and 25 years
Description:
Marine toads can grow up to 10 inches wide and females are usually larger than the males. Their color can range from gray, to brownish red with a creamy underside that is flecked with brown. They have large eyes and bumpy skin, and are usually on the drier side. Their feet are webbed, clawed, and warty.
Adaptation/Behavior:
Typical for this toad are the huge paratoid glands behind each eye. These glands contain poison that can kill a cat, dog or other animals that try to eat the toad. Marine toads will also balloon itself, making it seem bigger, thus more intimidating and harder to be swallowed. When it feeds, it closes its eyes and compresses the eye socket to force food down.
Courtship/Breeding:
Breeding takes places during or after rains, usually between early spring and autumn. Only a small ditch or pool of water is needed for breeding. Marine toads may also lay their eggs in brackish water. While raising themselves on their front legs in the water, the males call to attract the females. They attempt to mate with anything that even remotely resembles a female toad. When a male has found a female, he clasps her behind her front legs. In this fashion they swim about until the female attaches her stings of eggs to waterweed or rocks. The male then fertilizes them. A female may lay up to 35,0000 eggs during the breeding season. Black tadpoles hatch from the eggs in 3-12 days. The tadpoles metamorphose into little toads within 45-55 days, the time depending on temperature.
Conservation:    
Marine toads are at a lower risk. However, water pollution and deforestation may pose as a threat. They are considered as pests in Australia and Florida (introduced to Australia and Florida.)

Interesting Facts

Our Animals

  •  Toads do not cause warts. Warts are caused by a virus.
  • Have been known to eat sticks and rocks
  • Also known as Cane Toad
  • The Zoo has one male marine toad.
  • It is not on exhibit and is an education animal.
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