Kookaburra

 Laughing Kookaburra (was once called Giant Kingfisher)

Scientific name
Dacelo novaeguineae

Feeding type
Carnivorous

Range
Eastern Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand

Habitat
Woodlands and open forests

Diet in the wild
Rodents, fish, frogs, small birds, insects, snakes and other reptiles

Diet at the zoo:
Ground meat & mice

Longevity
About 11 years in the wild; about 15 years in captivity

Description
The laughing kookaburra is 1.5 feet long. It has a white underbelly and a white head with a band of brown through and behind its eyes. It has brown wings and a red and black striped tail.  The beak of the kookaburra is long, strong and deep.

Adaptation/Behavior
Laughing kookaburras are known for their communication skills. They make a loud laughing sound to establish their territory. They also have a variety of other calls they use for other reasons, especially to communicate with their family members.

Courtship/Breeding
Kookaburras mate from August to January every year. They establish permanent pair bonds, meaning they mate for life, rather than mating with new birds each year. Likewise, the pair uses the same tree cavity or burrow to nest in each year. Kookaburras live in large family groups, and the whole family works together to incubate eggs and take care of the newborn chicks. 
Conservation: Official status: lower risk, meaning, the giant kingfisher could quickly become a “vulnerable” species.

Fun Facts
The laughing kookaburra used to be called the giant kingfisher, there is another bird now called the African Giant Kingfisher native to the African continent.